Friday, June 30, 2017

Commandment about sacrificing a cow - Quran Chapter 2-67 (Pt-1, Stg-1)(L–100)-درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2-67 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-100) - درس قرآن

Commandment about sacrificing a cow

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِقَوْمِهِۦٓ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَن تَذْبَحُوا۟ بَقَرَةً قَالُوٓا۟ أَتَتَّخِذُنَا هُزُوًا قَالَأَعُوذُ بِٱللَّهِ أَنْ أَكُونَ مِنَ ٱلْجَٰهِلِينَ (67

67.  And when Moses said unto his people: Lo! Allah commandeth you that ye sacrifice a cow, they said: Dost thou make fun of us? He answered: Allah forbid that I should be among the foolish.
67.  Wa  ‘iz  qaala Muusaa li-qawmihiii  ‘innAllaaha  ya’-mu-rukum  ‘an- tazbahuu BAQARAH. Qaaluuu  ‘a-tattakhi-zunaa huzuwaa   Qaala ‘a-uuzu Billaahi ‘an ‘akuuna minal-jaahiliin.

Commentary

The cow was very sacred near Children of Israel. When Moses (peace be upon Him) caused to hear them command of God Almighty, they remained aghast. They did not believe that it was really commanded to sacrifice such sacred animal like this. They supposed that Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) was mocking. 

Al-jaahiliin – (the foolish, the ignorant, the illiterates) this word has been derived from jahal. Literal meaning of it is “to do any work contrary to its prescribed and correct method”. If it is due to ignorance then the stupidity is simple and if it is done intentionally then the stupidity is compound. Moses (peace be upon Him) asks God Almighty for refuge from the both kinds of foolishness. An individual, who wishes to command over the people, at the name of God, either he is careless from God or foolish, and is unaware of the results of mocking in the religious matters.  

A person from the Children of Israel was killed but the killer was not traceable. God Almighty commanded Moses (peace be upon Him) to order the Children of Israel for sacrificing a cow and beat a piece of its flesh at the dead body of the killed. With it the murdered person will come back to life and will tell the name of his killer.

Due to dwelling many centuries in the Egypt, the Children of Israel had begun to deem the cow very sacred, so they supposed that perhaps Moses (peace be upon Him) was mocking with them. Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) removed their doubt and made them to understand that the Prophets (peace be upon Them) mock never in the religious matters and in the commands of God Almighty. Mocking others is a job of the stupid. Wise people do never commit the acts like this which are contrary to the dignity, honor and glory, and which becomes cause of disgrace of the religion.  

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). 
https://youtu.be/Lwzc9FaSQ24

Thursday, June 29, 2017

Investigative Lesson - Quran Chapter 2-66 (Pt-1, Stg-1)(L–99)-درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2-66 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-99) - درس قرآن

Investigative Lesson

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 فَجَعَلْنَٰهَانَكَٰلًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهَا وَمَا خَلْفَهَا وَمَوْعِظَةً لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ (66

66.  So We made it an example to their own and to succeeding generations, and an admonition to the God-fearing.
66.  Faja-‘alNaahaa  nakaalal-limaa  bayna yadayhaa  wa maa khal-fahaa  wa maw-‘izatal-lil-Muttaqiin.

Commentary

Nakaalan – (warning), it means a punishment and incident, which becomes a warning for others, bearing it in mind, the people get admonition.

Purpose of narrating the important events of the history of Israelite in Holy Qur’aan, on one side is that, the Children of Israel feel repentance and be much ashamed. They recognize their reality and incline towards the straight path. And on the other side, it is an admonition for the Muslims. They get it as warning from the incidents of previous nations, check an account of their deeds, take a lesson and adjust themselves in the light of Holy Qur’aan.

Which event we have discussed in the previous verse that has much importance in the history of the Children of Israel and all these people know it very well. The Holy Qur’aan is drawing their attention also towards that incident.    

After expressing the incident, Holy Qur’aan declared in this verse, “So We made it an example to their own and to succeeding generations, and an admonition to the God-fearing”. So that, the entire human beings are informed about the result of disobeying the commands of God Almighty, they may be careful for ever and each moment. It is the fact that this incident is a Guide for particularly God-fearing individuals. Their belief may be perfect with it that only the fear of God is root cause of the all goodness for human beings.

After understanding this verse, now there is no doubt that certainly disobeying the commands of God Almighty becomes main cause of a big wrath. We should keep it always before us. It is not an ordinary thing: Changing of good faces into bad and becoming apes from the mankind. The human beings should keep on having fear the wrath and anger of God Almighty.

It also comes out from this verse that how much an individual can get admonition from the previous events. In fact, this Holy Qur’aan (the Word of God) has impressed upon the minds very clearly about the benefits of the history and that, every incident or event cannot become history. Only those events deserve to become a part of history from which, the people may acquire any fair lesson.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/043dO0YDp4c

Wednesday, June 28, 2017

Metamorphosing from mankind to apes - Quran Chapter 2-65 (Pt-1, Stg-1)(L–98)-درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2-65 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-98) - درس قرآن

Metamorphosing from mankind to apes

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 وَلَقَدْ عَلِمْتُمُ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱعْتَدَوْا۟ مِنكُمْ فِى ٱلسَّبْتِ فَقُلْنَا لَهُمْ كُونُوا۟ قِرَدَةً خَٰسِـِٔينَ (65

65.  And ye know of those of you who broke the Sabbath, so We said unto them: Be ye apes, despised and hated.
65.  Wa  laqad  ‘alim-tumul-laziina’-tadaw  minkum fis-Sabti  fa-qulNaa lahum  kuunuu  qira-datan khaasi-‘iin.

Commentary

Minkum – (those of you), it signifies towards the fathers and ancestors; forefathers of the Children of Israel.

‘As-Sabt – (the day of “Saturday”) Literal meaning of Sabt is Saturday. As, near to Christians ‘Sunday’ is a holy day and Muslims celebrate ‘Friday’ as the Holy Day, like this; the Jews count ‘Saturday’ as their holy day. Saturday was specified only for the worship of God near to them. Worldly works like business, agriculture or hunting were forbidden for them on that day.

‘A’-tadaw – (not observed temperateness, crossed the limits) they crossed the limits of Divine Law.

It has come in the Sayings that during the time of Prophet David (peace be upon Him); many Jews were living in Ailah (a place in the south of Palestine). This occurrence belongs to that population. Those people used to disobey the commandments of God Almighty with cleverness and tactfully. They were instructed that they should not hunt the fish on Saturday absolutely. God Almighty desired to examine them too. The fish used to come often near the bank of river on Saturday in much quantity.

The Jews planned tactfully to carry on the outward form of the orders of God Almighty. They used to dig pit holes near the bank of river on Saturday. Large quantity of the fish used to inter in those pit holes along with water. Then they used to close the way of water from the river side towards the pit holes. Next day they used to hunt the fish from the pit holes. Due to disobeying God Almighty continuously, they were punished, were formed as apes   and their faces were changed from good to bad.

It appears from this verse that some commands come from God Almighty only for examining. It is the aim of test “to clarify that the servants of God Almighty remain obedient in the both situations i.e. during rest and hard period. If the human being comes out with credit in the situation of test, there are a lot of facilities for him, but punishment is very tough for the impatient and evil doers.  

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/KoQQzS-SdPU

Tuesday, June 27, 2017

Torment for those who turned away from the Law - Quran Chapter 2-64 (Pt-1, Stg-1)(L–97)-درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2-64 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-97) - درس قرآن

Torment for those who turned away from the Law

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

 ثُمَّ تَوَلَّيْتُم مِّنۢ بَعْدِ ذَٰلِكَ فَلَوْلَا فَضْلُٱللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَتُهُۥ لَكُنتُم مِّنَ ٱلْخَٰسِرِينَ (64

64.  Then, even after that, ye turned away, and if it had not been for the Grace of Allah upon you and His mercy ye had been among the losers.
64.  Summa tawal-laytum-mim-ba’-di  zaalik.  Falaw- laa  faz-lUllaahi  ‘alaykum  wa rahmatu-Huu la-kuntum-minal-khaasi-riin.

Commentary

Khaasi-riin – (the losers), this word has been derived from the word Khasaara which means “the damage; the loss, the deficiency”. Therefore, khaasi-riin will be meant as the individuals who suffer loss, who ruin their existing lives as well as their end (the Day of Resurrection).

History of the Children of Israel tells that God Almighty bestowed upon them a lot of Kindness and favors but they disobeyed always instead of obeying and adopted thankless behavior instead of being thankful to Him. Allah Almighty saved them from the slavery of Pharaoh, and commanded them that they should live in the forests of the Peninsula of Sinai, so that the virtues and feelings of an independent and crusader nation may be produced into them due to passing their lives in the desert and village atmosphere. They might get rid of the affects of their long time slavery, but they did not like it. They demanded township life, so that they might eat different kinds of fruit, they might pass their lives with laziness and inactively. God Almighty fulfilled their wishes too.

They used to insist from the Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) that He should bring for them a Guide Book, so that they might follow it. God Almighty bestowed for them Holy Book named Torah and got promise from them that they would follow it always and would never get ready for violence.

After the Revelation of Torah, they broke the faith and began to disobey the Commands of Torah. God Almighty forgave their error and mischief also. If there would not be His Mercy and Kindness on them then the Children of Israel might be ruined and disgraced at the spot in this world besides being entitled of the wrath on the Day of Resurrection.

God Almighty admonished the Children of Israel with His Kindness by sending His Prophets Solomon, David, Samuel and others (peace be upon Them), and showed them the straight path. Those Prophets (peace be upon Them) tried their best to bring them unto the straight path. It was Bounty of God Almighty, otherwise the Children of Israel had arranged for themselves to be ruined.

Biggest support for the life of human beings and their safety is Mercy and Kindness of God Almighty. If He does not keep His Mercy and Kindness, and does not ignore their errors then there is no room for any individual anywhere.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/oUOFiN8iQjA

Thursday, June 22, 2017

Mount was towered above the Jews - Quran Chptr 2-63 (Pt-1, Stg-1)(L–96)-درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2-63 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-96) - درس قرآن

Mount was towered above the Jews

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

وَإِذْ أَخَذْنَا مِيثَٰقَكُمْ وَرَفَعْنَا فَوْقَكُمُ ٱلطُّورَ خُذُوا۟ مَآ ءَاتَيْنَٰكُم بِقُوَّةٍ وَٱذْكُرُوا۟ مَا فِيهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ (63

63.  And (remember, O Children of Israel) when We made a covenant with you and caused the (Mount) Toor to tower above you, (saying): Hold fast that which We have given you, and remember that which is therein, that ye may ward off (evil).
63.  Wa ‘iz ‘akhazNaa Miisaaqa-kum wa rafa’-Naa fawqa-kumut-Tuur. Khuzuu maaa ‘aatay-Naakum-  bi-quwwatinw-waz – kuruu maa fiihi  Ia-‘allakum tattaquun.

Commentary

At-Tuur – (Toor), as per Arabic language, every mountain is called Toor. A particular Mountain in the peninsula of Sinai is also named as ‘Toor’. That is called “Jabal-ut-Toor” too.

‘Az–kuruu maa fiihi – (remember that which is therein), remember the subjects which exist in Holy Scripture Torah, so that you may act upon them. Acting upon them is the main necessity for remembering the commandments of God Almighty. 

Tattaquun – (having fear of God) this word is from “Taqwaa”. To ward off evil and to pass the life carefully is called Taqwaa. That is called abstinence, control of the passions also. Who has good nature, is a well wisher and has a good disposition, is named “muttaqii”. Islam has stated it as a great excellence and perfection of mankind.

The Children of Israel used to demand obstinately to bring a genuine Book of Orders, so that they might act upon it. These people used to promise that they would follow completely on the religious matters. But when they were given the Scripture Torah, they began to oppose it and say that the Orders mentioned in Torah are very heavy and difficult. We cannot act upon them.

To challenge them from disobeying and violence, Allah Almighty ordered the Mount Toor which was elevated over their heads. Observing it, the Children of Israel began to shiver (for afraid of their death) and they had lost the courage of opposing, and then they admitted the Laws of Torah under compulsion.

At this stage, a covenant was taken from the Children of Israel, “You will neither dispute nor play the stratagems and argue to believe in the Holy Scripture “Torah”. They were also told to make the law of passing their lives according to the Orders and Commandments of this Heavenly Book, abide by them, so that fear of God Almighty is produced in their hearts and “ye may ward off (evil).”

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).  https://youtu.be/OAAVkY0GRUk

Tuesday, June 20, 2017

Reward of Belief and Good Work - Quran Chapter 2-62 (Pt-1, Stg-1)(L–95)-درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2-62 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-95) - درس قرآن

Reward of Belief and Good Work

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

   إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ وَٱلَّذِينَ هَادُوا۟ وَٱلنَّصَٰرَىٰ وَٱلصَّٰبِـِٔينَ مَنْ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلْءَاخِرِ وَعَمِلَ صَٰلِحًا فَلَهُمْ أَجْرُهُمْ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ وَلَاخَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ (62

62.  Lo! Those who believe (in that which is revealed unto thee, Muhammad), and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabaeans – whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth right – surely their reward is with their Lord, and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
62.  ‘Innal-laziina  ‘aa-manuu wallaziina  haadu wan-Nasaaraa  was-Saabi-‘iina  man  ‘aamana  Billaahi  wal-Yawmil-‘Aakhiri  wa  ‘amila saalihan-  falahum  ‘ajruhum ‘inda  Rabbihim,  wa  laa khaw-fun  ‘alayhim  wa  laa hum  yah-zanuun.

Commentary

 ‘Aa-manuu – (Believed) in this verse “to believe” means “to join” the Muslim Community.

Haadu – (the Jews) the people who have entered in the community of the Jews, whether they are the Children of Israel or otherwise.

Nasaaraa – (the Christians) Nasaaraa is plural of Nasraani. There was a town in Palestine named ‘Naasirah’. The Prophet Jesus (peace be upon Him) was born in this town. Due to relationship with this town; the Prophet Jesus (peace be upon Him) is called Jesus Christ Naasri (peace be upon Him). So who follows Him, is included in Nasaaraa (the followers of the Christ who was born in Naasirah).

‘As-Saabi-‘iina – (Sabaeans), individuals, who inclined towards some other religion giving up their own, are called Saabi-‘iin. It was a sect in the Arab. They believed in Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him), used to worship the Angels (peace be upon Them), used to recite the Psalms of Prophet David (peace be upon Him) and during the worship, they used to turn towards “the Square Building at Makkah”. The Arabians used to say them Saabi ‘the Disbelievers’.

God Almighty has removed misunderstanding of the greatness of the Name, the Family background and the Race, and announced that near to Allah Almighty, either Name or surname or the title are nothing, neither honor of good birth from a particular nation or race and distinction is trustworthy. Two things are necessary for freedom from the wrath of God Almighty, whether the people belong to any race or nation, or they have any surname or title.

  • They believe in Allah and the Last Day (the Day of Resurrection) whole heartily.
  • They do right (good).

If the people will believe in Allah Almighty, certainly they will admit His Orders and Commandments also. We have come to know these Orders and Commandments by means of the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon Him). So belief in this Prophet (peace be upon Him) has been included in it too. If they will believe in the Day of Resurrection then they would have to believe in the punishment and reward.

In short, having belief in God Almighty and obeying His commandments are necessary for deliverance from the Hell and reward, and it is impossible to have belief in God Almighty without acceptance of the Prophet-hood of the Last Messenger; Muhammad (grace, peace and blessings of Allah be on Him).  

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)  https://youtu.be/hhoZFvO4aB0

Worship of a self-made calf - Quran Chapter 2-92 & 93 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-122) - درس قرآن

Quran  Chapter 2-92 & 93 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-122) - درس قرآن Worship of a self-made calf Surah ‘Al-Baqarah  (The Cow) – Chapt...