(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
190. And fight in the Way of Allah against those who fight against you, but begin not hostilities. Lo! Allah loveth not aggressors.
190. Wa qaatiluu fii sabiiLIlaahil-laziina yuqaatiluunakum wa laa ta’-taduu. ‘Innallaaha laa yuhibbul-mu’-tadiin.
- The war was neither begun first by the Muslims and nor they were to be so. All the battles fought by the Muslims against the Infidels, in which Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) participated, were only for defense and protection purpose.
- The war would only be fought against those people who participate practically in it. The entire old people, children, women, patients and impartial individuals are excluded. It is not lawful in Islam to fight against them. However, all enemies are included in ‘Al-laziina yuqaatiluunakum who are busy in preparations against Islam and the Muslims, and are helping the enemy fighters in any form.
- The meaning of ‘the Limits’ can be the limits of Divine of the Religion, for instance; to kill also those persons of enemy nation emotionally as revenge and anger, who have not participated in the battle, to burn their crops, gardens and fruit-bearing trees and to kill their speechless animals.
- Aim of ‘the limit’ may also be the limit of agreement, for example; ‘not to care also the agreements personally; following the other nations and attacking by starting breach of faith to their promise’.
- One other form of crossing ‘the limit’ may be ‘to fight for any other cause or purpose than Fii sabiiLillaahi (in the Way of God Almighty)’.